Supervising Science Research Specialist Jose Isidro Michael T. Padin of ERDB’s Coastal Zone and Freshwater Ecosystems Research Division (CZFERD) presents the result of the Manila Bay Vulnerability Assessment Study during the First Annual Technical Seminar held at the ERDB Auditorium in Los Baños, Laguna on Monday, June 17, 2019. Padin said that based on the study, it was found out that Manila Bay “is not all dead, but is in dire need of rehabilitation” because it still hosts a variety of ecosystems, such as mangrove forests, coral reefs, fish communities, and other marine lifeforms. Among the recommendations Padinpresented in the seminar calls for the reforestation of abandoned fishponds and sparsely vegetated mangrove forests, and proper maintenance and protection of the remaining mangrove stands, particularly those “in the highly urbanized areas of Manila and Bulacan.” ###