DENR requires cleaner fuel, sets new emission standards

The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) has issued a directive requiring the use of cleaner fuel and imposing stricter emission standards for all vehicles starting this July.

DENR Secretary Ramon J. P. Paje said the requirement for cleaner fuel and stricter emission standards was part of government efforts to improve air quality in the country, particularly Metro Manila.

 DENR Administrative Order (DAO) No. 2015-14 issued by Paje provides the new vehicle emission standards to be complied with by new and in-use vehicles starting July 1. The Order also enjoins the Department of Energy to ensure the availability of Euro 4 fuels by this date.

Considered the cleaner fuel, Euro 4 has sulfur content of only 50 parts per million (ppm) for both diesel and gasoline, compared with 500 ppm for Euro 2. Benzene in Euro 4 gasoline, on the other hand, is only 1% by volume compared to 5% in Euro 2.

As for aromatics, Euro 4 fuel contains only 35% by volume compared to Euro 2 which prescribes no limit.

Paje said the planned shift to EURO 4 was made possible through the support of oil players, car manufacturers and transport groups, who are doing their fair share to curb air pollution and reduce its impacts.

“Low sulfur fuels will lead to reduced emissions of particulate matter. This particulate matter, along with other pollutants, can penetrate deeply into sensitive parts of the lungs and can worsen existing respiratory and heart diseases,” the environment chief explained.

Since 2009, the Philippines has been implementing the Euro 2 fuel standards.

DAO 2015-14 also provides more stringent emission standards for carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbon, oxides of nitrogen, and particulate matter to be complied with by new passenger, and light- and heavy-duty vehicles.

For instance, the Order sets the average CO emission limits of 2.0 grams per kilometer (g/km) for gasoline-fed passenger and light-duty vehicles instead of 2.2 g/km, and 0.9 g/km for those using diesel instead of 1.0 g/km.

It also provides that all new vehicles to be used or introduced into the Philippine market by January 2016 shall be equipped with Euro 4 engine and compliant with Euro 4 emission standards.

The Environmental Management Bureau, a line bureau under the DENR, shall issue Certificates of Conformity (COC) only to new vehicles that complied with the Euro 4 emission standards prescribed by the DENR. It is a requirement for initial registration of vehicles with the Land Transportation Office.

Paje said the implementation of vehicle emission limits was consistent with Republic Act No. 8749, or the Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999. ### 


DENR gives out land titles to Batangas folk

Nineteen (19) residents of Batangas City are now proud land owners, following their receipt of free patents under the land titling project being jointly undertaken by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) and the city government.

The residents, most of whom have been waiting for their land titles for decades, received the instruments at a ceremony held at the Batangas City Hall recently. The undertaking was part of continued efforts by the DENR to deliver full ownership of land titles to thousands of residents across the city, through the agency’s “Handog Titulo” program.

In February 2013, DENR Calabarzon regional executive director Reynulfo Juan and Batangas City Mayor Eduardo Dimacuha forged an agreement that aims to improve land administration and management, particularly on land survey and titling, and provide more efficient land-related services in the city.

Juan said the 19 residents comprise the first batch of beneficiaries of the project, which targets the distribution of 2,500 land titles across the city.

The DENR official said 22 residential and agricultural free patents, covering a total of almost four hectares, were distributed.

He said the distribution of free patents was in compliance with Environment Secretary Ramon J.P. Paje’s administrative order, which institutionalized the Handog Titulo program that promotes sustainable rural development.

DENR Administrative Order No. 2011-06 sets out guidelines for the implementation of public land titling in partnership with the local government units (LGUs), taking cognizance of their “valuable role” in the development, administration and management of the country’s land resources.

“Land titling, in partnership with the LGUs, hopes to provide speedy resolution to land conflicts that eventually contributes to peace and order in the community, improve LGU income through increased collection of real property taxes, and increase economic activity and investments in the area,” Juan pointed out.

The Batangas City government claimed that only about 60 percent of the city’s land area is titled, noting how tedious and expensive land titling process can be.

As an example, one of the recipients – 68-year-old Gregoria Javier – had been staking a claim over a 250-square meter lot she had been living on since 1982.

According to Juan, the partnership agreement between the DENR and the city government could be an avenue for the reconstitution of the old or missing survey records or the Batangas cadastre. ### 


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